Denis Mukwege, Wins, EU Sakharov's Prize
Information Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Mukwege
Denis Mukwege (/m?k?we??i/; born 1 March 1955) is a Congolese gynecologist. He founded and works in Panzi Hospital in Bukavu, where he specializes in the treatment of women who have been raped by armed rebels. He has treated thousands of women who were victims of rape since the Second Congo War, some of them more than once, performing up to ten operations a day during his 18-hour working days. According to The Globe and Mail, Mukwege is "likely the world's leading expert on repairing injuries of rape".
In 2018, Mukwege and Nadia Murad were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict".
Early life and education
Mukwege is the third of nine children born to a Pentecostal minister and his wife. He studied medicine because he wanted to heal the sick people for whom his father prayed, after seeing the complications of childbirth experienced by women in the Congo who had no access to specialist healthcare.
After graduating with a medical degree from the University of Burundi in 1983, Mukwege worked as a pediatrician in the rural Lemera Hospital near Bukavu. However, after seeing women patients who due to the absence of proper care often suffered pain, genital lesions, and obstetric fistula after giving birth, he studied gynaecology and obstetrics at the University of Angers, France, completing his medical residency in 1989.
On 24 September 2015, he earned a PhD from Université libre de Bruxelles for his thesis on traumatic fistulas in the Eastern Region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
After returning from studying in France, Mukwege continued working in the Lemera Hospital. After the First Congo War began, he returned to Bukavu due to violent incidents, and founded the Panzi Hospital in 1999.
Since its foundation, Panzi Hospital has treated more than 85,000 patients with complex gynecological damage and trauma, an estimated 60 percent of injuries has been caused by sexual violence. Most of the patients of that time were coming from conflict zones. Mukwege has described how his patients arrived at the hospital sometimes naked, usually in horrific condition. When he observed that genital damaging was being used as a weapon of war in the conflict of the late 1990s between different armed groups, Mukwege devoted himself to reconstructive surgery to help female victims of sexual violence. The German Institute for Medical Mission (DIFAEM) has been supporting Mukwege's work with funds and medicines.
United Nations speech
See also: Sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Wartime sexual violence
In September 2012, Mukwege gave a speech at the United Nations where he condemned the mass rape occurring in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and criticized the Congolese government and other countries "for not doing enough to stop what he called 'an unjust war that has used violence against women and rape as a strategy of war'".
Assassination attempt and return
Mukwege in his office in Panzi
On 25 October 2012, four armed men attacked his residence while he was not home, held his daughters hostage, and waited for his return to assassinate him. Upon his return, his guard intervened and was shot dead by the assassins. They missed Mukwege as he dropped to the ground during the shooting. After the assassination attempt, Mukwege went into exile in Europe and the Panzi Hospital reported that his absence has had a "devastating effect" on its daily operations.
He returned to Bukavu on 14 January 2013, where the population received him with a warm welcome over the 20 miles from Kavumu Airport to the city, especially from his patients, who had raised funds to pay for his return ticket by selling pineapples and onions.
He is also himself a minister in a pentecostal church in Bukavu.
Denis Mukwege with the Legion of Honour, the highest award of the French Republic
- The Uncondemned, Member of the Board of Advisors
- Women Political Leaders Global Forum (WPL), Member of the Global Advisory Board
- UN Human Rights prize (New York, December 2008)
- Olof Palme Prize (Sweden, 2008)
- African of the Year (Nigeria, January 2009), awarded by Daily Trust
- Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur by the French government (Kinshasa, November 2009) by French Ambassador Pierre Jacquemot.
- Van Heuven Goedhart-Award (June 2010) from the Netherlands Refugee Foundation (Stichting Vluchteling)
- The Wallenberg Medal (University of Michigan, October 2010)
- The King Baudouin International Development Prize (Brussels, 24 May 2011) by the King of Belgium Albert II.
- Clinton Global Citizen Award for Leadership in Civil Society (New York, September 2011) by President Bill Clinton.
- The 2011 Deutscher Medienpreis (German Media Award) (Baden Baden, Germany, February 2012)
- Officier de la Légion d'Honneur Française (Panzi, July 2013) brought to Bukavu by the First Lady of France Valérie Trierweiler and the Minister of Francophonie Yamina Benguigui.
- Civil Courage Prize (October 2013)
- Human Rights First Award (August 2013)
- Right Livelihood Award (September 2013)
- "Prize for Conflict Prevention" by the Fondation Chirac (Paris, October 2013) honored by the presence of 2 French presidents Jacques Chirac and François Hollande
- The Hillary Clinton Award (Washington, DC, February 2014) at Georgetown University for Advancing Women in Peace and Security along with the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs William Hague
- The Inamori Ethics Prize from the Case Western Reserve University Inamori Center for Ethics and Excellence (October 2014)
- Solidarity Prize received from Médecins du Monde and the Saint-Pierre University Hospital (Brussels, October 2014)
- The Sakharov Prize for the Freedom of Thought, received from the European Parliament (Strasbourg, November 2014)
- Gulbenkian Prize (Lisbon, July 2015)
- Women for Women International "Champion for Peace Award" (New York, November 2015)
- Prix Héros pour l'Afrique (Hero for Africa) (Brussels, January 2016)
- University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing Renfield Foundation Award for Global Women's Health (Philadelphia, March 2016)
- Fortune Magazine 35th World Greatest Leader of 2016 (March 2016)
- Four Freedoms Award Laureate for the Freedom From Want, by the Roosevelt Institute in New York and Franklin D. Roosevelt Stichting (Middelburg, Netherlands, April 2016)
- Scandinavian Human Dignity Award Laureate, by the Scandinavian Human Rights Lawyers & Committee (Stockholm, October 2016)
- Seoul Peace Prize (Seoul, Korea, October 2016)
- Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People (2016)
- Nobel Peace Prize, with Nadia Murad (October 2018)
- Honorary Doctorate by the faculty of medicine at Umeå University (Sweden, June 2010)
- Honorary degree from Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium, February 2014) along with Lawrence Lessig and Jigme Thinley
- Harvard University Honorary degree as Doctor of Science (Boston, May 2015)
- University of Edinburgh Honorary Degree of Doctor of Medicine (Scotland, December 2017)
- University of Angers (French: Université d'Angers) Honorary Degree of Doctor of Medicine (Angers, France, January 2018)[page needed]
- University of Liège (French: Université de Liège) Honorary Degree Doctor Honoris Causa (Liège, Belgium, September 2018)[page needed]
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